Childhood cancer in Ukraine — experience of the application of the ICCC-3 classification
Summary. Creation of a central bank of personalized information about cancer patients including children allowed to receive the objective data and to control permanently the oncological situation in children population of Ukraine. The studies conducted allowed to evaluate the main parameters of the oncoepidemiological process by cancer site, sex and age category of the patients in children population of Ukraine and of separate administrative territories. It has been established that cancer incidence rate of children population has stable increasing tendency with a moderate decrease in cancer mortality. The highest cancer incidence level is in children of the first year of life, with a slight decrease in children aged 1–14 years, and at the age of 15–19 years the incidence begins to increase. The most frequent cancers in children population are leukemia, lymphoma, central nervous system tumors, epithelial tumors, malignant tumors of bones and soft tissue sarcoma. The detailed analysis became possible due to the introduction of the information technology of National Cancer Registry throughout the Ukraine. A new version of ICCC-3 as an international standard for analysis and presentation of epidemiological data on childhood cancer was implemented in the work of the National Cancer Registry, which allows ICCC-3 codes to be obtained for all the records available, present Ukraine’s data for international research and conduct an analysis of incidence, mortality and survival by region, gender and age groups, and other parameters according to the ICCC-3.
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